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Transportation Investment Act
Your Penny, Your Progress


Frequently Asked Questions

Please read the frequently asked questions listed below for more information about the Transportation Referendum. Click on a question from one of the categories below to view the answer.

Discretionary Funding FAQ

Project Delivery

TIA directs the state revenue commissioner to exclusively administer, collect and enforce the special district transportation sales and use tax for the use and benefit of the Special District imposing the special district transportation sales and use tax and to disburse the proceeds of the special district transportation sales and use tax as soon as practicable after collection to GSFIC.
TIA directs GSFIC to maintain and administer the special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds in a trust fund, separate from other funds of GSFIC, on behalf of the Special District imposing the special district transportation sales and use tax, to ensure the proper application of the proceeds for the Approved Investment List(s) for each Special District.
GDOT is responsible for the management of the budget, schedule, execution and delivery of all Projects contained in the Approved Investment Lists.
The proceeds of the special district transportation sales and use tax are not funds of the State and are instead held in trust by GSFIC on behalf of the Special Districts imposing the special district transportation sales and use tax. The local governments within each Special District can use the 25% portion of the tax funds disbursed to them by GSFIC on any other transportation project in the region.
The Annual Revenue Projection is an estimate of the monthly special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds by Special District for subsequent fiscal years and is prepared by the Georgia State University Fiscal Research Center.
In managing the budget, schedule, execution, and delivery of the Projects contained in the Approved Investment Lists, GDOT exclusively determines whether a Project is to be designed and constructed by GDOT, by or on behalf of a local government, or by another public or private entity. Regardless of the delivery agent, GDOT is alone responsible for requesting disbursement of special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds from GSFIC upon the completion of a Project or Project Element, reporting progress and performance in the execution, schedule, and delivery of Projects on the Approved Investment Lists to GSFIC, and providing adequate record-keeping to allow for an annual audit in accordance with O.C.G.A. § 48-8-249(d).
GSFIC provides an Annual Revenue Projection for the subsequent fiscal years to GDOT no later than December 31st of each year. The Annual Revenue Projection includes monthly collection estimates by Special District. GSFIC will provide updated revenue projections on a quarterly basis or more frequently if monthly collections vary more than five percent (5%) from projections.
TIA directs GSFIC to maintain and administer the special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds in a trust fund, separate from other funds of GSFIC, on behalf of the Special District imposing the special district transportation sales and use tax, to ensure the proper application of the proceeds for the Approved Investment List(s) for each Special District.

The obligation of GSFIC to pay or reimburse any Eligible Project Cost is expressly limited solely to the amount of special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds remitted to GSFIC by GDOR net of the local government distributions.

Should the proceeds of the special district's transportation sales and use tax be insufficient to meet the payment requests of GDOT as determined by GSFIC in its sole discretion, GSFIC's payment obligation shall terminate without further obligation of GSFIC to the extent that the obligations exceed the availability of such proceeds.

GSFIC's certification as to the availability of special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds is conclusive.

Similarly, the obligation of GDOT to pay or reimburse any Eligible Project Cost is expressly limited to the amount of special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds remitted to GDOT by GSFIC and designated by GDOT for the Project.

In order to safeguard the availability of special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds a reserve fund has been established by GSFIC for each Special District. Reserves may be used throughout the year to meet extraordinary cash requirements of GDOT in excess of the annual expenditure projections included in the Annual Program Draw Schedule or in the event monthly revenue collections fall below the Annual Revenue Projection. Reserves will be replenished as soon as special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds allow.

GSFIC and GDOT have established a reserves policy. It is subject to modification depending on Program needs.

In the event GDOT's monthly cash needs for Projects on the Approved Investment Lists exceed the balance of special district transportation sales and use tax available, GDOT will establish a prioritization of payment schedule. GDOT is currently working on the priority of payment policy.

GSFIC has the right to review and audit the use of funds dispensed to GDOT upon receipt of a complaint or as otherwise warranted. In addition, an annual audit, paid for by the net tax proceeds available for the Projects on the Approved Investment List for each Special District and conducted by an independent auditing firm as selected by GSFIC. The audit will include a schedule which shows for each Project the original estimated cost, the current estimated cost, amounts expended in prior years, and amounts expended in the current year.

It is recognized that Projects may include funds from sources other than special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds. For purposes of the annual audit, GDOT shall identify the source of all funds, including funds from sources other than special district transportation sales and use tax proceeds.

Accountability and Oversight

Yes. The law created a Citizens Review Panel for each Special District in which the tax was approved. This panel, made up of Special District citizens, is charged with assessing the progress of Projects included on the Approved Investment Lists. Five panel members are appointed by the Speaker of the House and the Lt. Governor. The panel must issue an annual report to the General Assembly which includes Project progress and expenditures.
Project controls are in place to limit cost overruns. GDOT is committed to designing Projects according to scope, schedule and budget as set forth in the Approved Investment Lists. The Special District Citizens Review Panels— appointed by the state’s leadership—will provide oversight and monitor how dollars are spent.
If the special district transportation sales and use tax collected reaches the projected amount before the 10 years, the tax will stop. Any additional funds collected during that first calendar quarter will be distributed via the discretionary pot of funding.
Every Project on the Approved Investment Lists must be built, and in the event available funding for Projects yet to be built is not enough, then the likely approach would be to scale back the remaining Projects according to the available funds. However, cash flow projections will be closely monitored during the entire period to help prevent and resolve these issues.
Establishing and implementing this new TIA Project delivery program is an exercise in cooperation, collaboration and communication. GDOT will continue to coordinate with its partner agencies, local governments, the leadership of Regional Commissions, and the Special District Citizens Review Panels to achieve efficiency and transparency. In addition, periodic reports will be made to the Georgia General Assembly and to the public, via the TIA website, that will provide updates on Projects and expenditures.